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Poker Bluffing
Mathematics is an essence of poker because it is a play on numbers. Another importance is bluffing. Every move made at a poker table should make competition ask two questions:
Is this person playing an obviously strong hand? Are they being deceptive about a weaker hand?

Bluffing can give away the experience level of a player. A veteran player knows when to bluff, while the beginner bluffs more. Knowing when to bluff can increase the percentage of succeeding at bluffing.

General Guidelines on Bluffing in Poker Games
Know who you can bluff and who you cannot 
Before attempting this technique, you should acquaint yourself with your opponents. Bluffing is aimed at the average player. The recreational casino novice will almost always call; however, those that are average will more than likely call a future hand (that they think you might be bluffing). The best people to bluff against have a smaller chip stack, because they are more likely to fold their hand to remain in the game rather than lose chips.

Be aware of how many people are in the running for the pot
The more people playing, the less likely they will fall for your bluff. Use bluffing sparingly when involving four or more people. It is normally used when there are three or fewer players in the running for the pot.

Are you in a position to bluff?
Bluff only in the late positions of each hand. For example, when the players in front of you "check," you have a probable chance of pulling off a bluff because normally people check when they don’t have a bet-worthy hand.

Type of game

A bluff is more likely to succeed in a tight game than loose
-Keep an eye on the table because if the game is friendly where no bluffs are being made and the players are playing "honestly," then this might be a good opportunity to introduce a bluff.

Probability of another person bluffing
Keep tabs on people when they are bluffing. If a person is known to bluff a lot, then one should consider calling on larger pots just so that he isn’t bluffed out of a potential big pot.

Keep in mind that there is a risk when bluffing. If a player is caught bluffing on one hand, then don’t consider this a bad thing. During a future hand, other players are more likely to call against one of your stronger hands while thinking that you are bluffing.

It is suggested that a person only consider bluffing after playing several successive stronger hands. This will give opponents the false impression that the bluffing player has another good hand. Most bluffs come from weak hands; however, there is something called a semi-bluff, when a person with a strong hand down plays its importance in order to draw more chips into the pot.

The art of being a successful bluffer comes from the understanding when to bluff and how to do it. The above should be used as general guidelines on how to read a table in order to pull a successful bluff.

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